There is no doubt working with wood that is cut, burnished or shaped for specific projects amasses a certain amount of wood dust and odors.
Facilities and small shops require an industrial dust fume extractor according to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) compliance regulations under Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910 and the Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities under NFPA 644-1993. The reasons include:
- Worker safety
- Wood dust carcinogens
- Fire and explosion hazards
- Chemical hazards from coatings and finishings exposure
How Dust and Fume Collectors Reduce Dust and Fumes
Two major parts of an extractor are the fan and filtration system. The filtration system inlet draws fumes and odors from wood dust, grinding, sanding, spraying and chemical applications applied to wood during the process into the system.
The filtration system within the dust and fume extractor removes wood particulate from 0.3 to 0.12 in size. The extractor may be enclosed in a metal cabinet and the internal filtration system may include a HEPA filter that provides 99.5 percent efficiency to protect workers from allergies and prevent asthma.
ULPA filters have a higher efficiency rating at 99.9995% than HEPA filters and a 0.12 particulate removal.
Once wood dust and odors are filtered from the workplace airstream, clean, safe air passes through an outlet and returns it to the workplace.
Industries That Require an Industrial Dust Fume Extractor
There are several industries involved in wood working. These include:
. Kitchen cabinets
. Bathroom vanities
. Furniture for office, home, restaurant and business facilities
. Wood packaging containers such as crates
. Industrial wood pallets
. Toys, musical instruments
The process involves various types of wood depending on the what the end product is such as hardwoods, softwoods and plywood to name a few. Each type of wood emits a natural wood odor that can be quite strong such as oak, cedar, pine and birch when it is cut or burnished. However, extended and direct exposure to wood odors can cause nasal and lung irritations.
There are also two types of woodworking, skilled fine which is an art form for custom wood projects and industrial for commercial, industrial and residential uses.
Woodworkers follow a specific design for projects they perform. Woods usually come from lumber mills who turn raw lumber into planks, logs and plywood that will be used to design a wood product for sale.
Lumber mills are also required to comply with OSHA regulations with regard to cutting, turning and planning of wood pieces for facilities and shops.
From there, wood goes to facilities and shops where wood is turned into final products using circular saws, power drills, sanders, grinders, table saws and compound miter saws.
Since these are all electrical, dust and fume can ignite a fire when the airstream in the workplace is heavy with wood dust and odors from finishing chemicals.This poses not only a safety hazard but also a health hazard which is easily remedied by an industrial extractor.